The system is designed in order to successfully communicate legal activities on the web and allowing for a more transparent judicial system. The web based application system addresses the initial problems of the previous system in handling judicial matters which hitherto involves a lot of “paper works” which is usually done manually and this lead to a lot of delayed cases and also lacked of transparency. The current system addresses the issues that were encountered by the previous system, cases are now easily entered online and the judgment of such cases are also published online for everyone who has access to the system to view making it more transparent; the current system also helps to reduce lots of “paper work” that was synonymous with the previous system, making legal activities more faster in execution. Furthermore reference can easily be made on the web about a particular case unlike in the previous system where many research has to be carried out. The program was designed using “Visual Basic” version 6.0
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents ix
- Introduction 1
1.1 Statement of problems 2
1.2 Aims and objectives 3
1.3 Scope of the study 6
1.4 Limitations of the study 6
1.5 Definition of terms 7
- Literature Review 12
- Description and Analysis of Existing System 17
- Fact finding method 19
- Background of case study 21
- Objectives of existing system 23
- Input process, output analysis 24
- Information flow diagram 28
- Problems of existing system 29
- Justification of existing system 31
- Design and implementation 33
- Output specification and design 36
- Input specification and design 41
- File design 44
- Procedure chart 48
- System requirement 50
- Implementation 53
- Program design 54
- Program flow chart 56
- Test Run 64
- Documentation 65
- Conclusion and recommendation
To understand the web-based legal practitioner application system, it includes not merely the profession, which is practiced in courts but also covers law teaching, law research, administration in different branches where law plays a role and in fact, commercial and industrial employment and all other activities, which postulates and requires the use of legal knowledge and skill and which adopts legal process also fall within its scope. The web based legal practitioner comprises all those who use technical legal knowledge through net in performing their various occupational roles. These will include such categories as practitioners of law and legal advisers, judges and magistrates, Area court Judges and Islamic Court Judges, academic lawyers and scholars, legal technicians (e.g. consultants) etc.
A legal practitioner is a person entitled to practice as a barrister (advocate) or as a barrister and solicitor. In Nigeria, every legal practitioner is a barrister and solicitors. For example, an advocate practicing in a country whose legal system is similar to that of Nigeria may be permitted by the chief justice of Nigeria to practice as a barrister. The chief justice has no power to permit him to practices as a solicitor. Furthermore, a senior Advocate of Nigeria is not entitled to practice as a solicitor.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problem statement is mainly centralized on the existing method of wed-based legal practitioner application system. The information obtained on-line, shows that a legal practitioner is entitled to recover his charges by action in a court of competent jurisdiction. In General, before a legal practitioner brings such action, a bill for the charges containing particulars of the principal items included in the bill and signed by him, or in the case of a firm by one of the partners or in the name of the firm, must have been served on the client personally or left for him at his last address as known to the practitioner or sent by post addressed to the client at that address.
In addition, the period of one month beginning with the date of delivery of the bill must have expired. There are provisions in the legal practitioners for taxation of bills of charges delivered by legal practitioner to his clients.
The council is to be consulted by the Attorney-General of the federation before making regulations for the enrolment as legal practitioners in Nigeria, Court of Appeal Enugu as a case study, members of the legal profession in any other country on a reciprocal basis.
The Attorney – General of the federation is also required to hold consultations with the council before varying the rates of practicing fees specified.
- AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The web-based legal practitioner application system has an increasingly important role in a modern state not only in dispensation of justice but also in the formulation of a just legal order and in the preservation of an efficient juristic order.
The characteristics of the on-line legal practitioner such as independence, integrity, official administration of courts and administration of justice.
There is a roll of legal practitioners kept as a roll of court and maintained by the chief Registrar of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. In general, a person is entitled to be enrolled if and only if:
- He has been called to the bar by the body of Benchers; and
- He produces a certificate of his call to the Bar to the Chief Registrar of Supreme Court.
In general, persons whose names are on the roll of legal practitioners kept as a roll of court and maintained by the chief Register of the Supreme Court are entitled to practice as barristers and solicitors. However, the chief justice of Nigeria may, by warrant under his hand authorize a person, whose name is not on the roll, on payment to the Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court of such fee not exceeding 50 Naira as may be specified in the warrant, to practice as a barrister for the purpose of specified proceedings and of any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
The power of the chief justice to authorise a person to practise as a barrister under this provision is exercisable where:
- an application for permission to practice as a barrister is made to the chief justice by or on behalf of any person who in the opinion of the chief justice is entitled to practice as an advocate in any country where the legal system is similar to that of Nigeria; and
- The chief justice is of the opinion that it is expedient to permit the person to practice as a barrister for the purpose of proceedings with respect to which the application is brought.
Furthermore, a person for the time being exercising the functions of any of the following offices is entitled to practice as a barrister and solicitor for the purposes of the office:
- The office of the Attorney-General, solicitor-General or Director of public prosecutions of the federation or of a state; and
- Such offices in the public service of the federation or a state as the Attorney-General of the federation or of the state, as the case may be.
OBJECTIVES OF SYSTEM:
The objectives include:
- The legal practitioner application system is a research and learning application system, in that lawyers and judges studying about cases on-line.
- The maintenance of a respectful attitude toward the court is been made.
- Making references on different cases by some judges and lawyers, considering the fact-finding information displayed on a related cases on web.
- The situations where cases are adjourned are made known to the public who are interested on those involved in the case through on-line system information.
- Judgment is being concluded or made available to other practitioners on-line, either in favour or against, depending on the crime committed.
However, the program goes further to do all this:-
- Updating data very fast without requiring much effort.
- Physical security of data as well as prevention from unauthorized access of information is improved.
- Capability of being operated over a long time without corruption.
- Fast data capturing and processing of data for all networks or from a workstation to a remote station.
- However, the system must be interactive and user friendly.
- To allow direct entry of data as they are being imputed.
- The on-line legal practitioner application system will produce computer accurate information that can be used for decision-making or for future references.
- SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study focuses on creating an online web based legal practitioner application system; through this medium the exhausting use of manual procedures in documenting court activities are overhauled creating a more accurate and time saving system of documentation, and making the activities of the court easily accessible.
For instance; the judgment of cases entered into the application can be viewed or consulted upon by a legal practitioner before preparing for a similar case.
The system is a supposed to be more like a legal database, hence the major constraints was time. The system requires much time to build huge database of cases which legal practitioners can make reference to. The system is a complex one hence it requires proper training on how to use it effectively.
High speed Internet is another limitation. For proper implementation of thiswork, a high speed internet broadband is needed.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
The Council: This is established by the legal education, and is responsible for the legal education of persons seeking to become members of the legal profession.
The Chief Justice: He is to authorize a person whose name is not on the roll, on payment to the Chief Registrar of the supreme court of such fee not exceeding 50 naira as may be specified in the warrant.
A Barrister: His purpose is to specify proceedings and of any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
The Disciplinary Committee: They consider and determines any case once it is alleged that a person whose name is on the roll of legal practitioner has misbehaved in his capacity as a legal practitioner or should for any other reason be the subject of proceedings.
Appeal Committee: Hears appeals from any direction given by the disciplinary committee.
General Council of the Bar: Prepares and from time to time, revising a statement as to the kind of conduct it considers to be infamous conduct in a professional respect.
A Lawyer: A lawyer maintains a respectful attitude towards the court. He is trained and qualified to advice people about the law and represent them in a court of law.
The Judiciary: He settles and decides controversies between the citizens inter se and between the state and the citizens.
The Nigerian Courts: Are the supreme court of Nigeria, the court of Appeal, (and of recent a constitutional court); the federal High Court, a High Court of a state, a sharia Court of Appeals of a state; a customary court of Appeal of a state and such court as may be authorized by law to exercise jurisdiction on matters with respect to which the National Assembly or State House of Assembly (as the case may be) are authorized to make laws. A law court is a statutory place for proper interpretation of law to resolve disputes and conflict.
Judges: They should indeed move in the direction of the jurisprudence of welfare and adopt a judicial approach that identifies the political, social and economic problems facing the country and using the law to provide solutions to these problems. They lead in the proceedings. He has the authority to decide on offenders.
Litigation: This is a process of making or defending a claim in a court of law.
Appellant: Is one who takes a case to the court. He is the complainant.
Respondent: This is one who is defending in a claim; he is responding to the complaint.
Case list: These are scheduling of cases to be heard by the court on the following day.
Appeal: This can be a formal request to a court of law for a judgment to be passed on an issue.
Motion: In a court, it is application to a court or judge for a ruling or order.
Proceedings: This is an activity carried in a law court in a bid to settle a dispute.
The Registrar: This is a person in the law court that makes entries in the file i.e. what happens in the court each day. He signs as the commissioner of oats, compile record or appeals, and access documents and certify them.
Clerk: This can be a person in the court who is in charge of the records of the court.
Court Bailiff: This is a person in the court that serves processes like messengers.
Case Book: Is a book where all cases are recorded, details of each case like names of parties involved in the case, case number (charge number), the name of the high court where the case came from, etc. are recorded in this book-including writ of summon.
Writ of Summon: Is like a form of details of the names of the litigants, the case number etc. it is served to the defendant letting him to know that he has a case and asking him to enter for an appearance.
DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, iProjectMaterials.com are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and some of the works may be crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a reference/citation/guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own study. iProjectMaterials.com is a repository of research works where works are uploaded for research guidance. Our aim of providing this work is to help you eradicate the stress of going from one school library to another in search of research materials. This is a legal service because all tertiary institutions permit their students to read previous works, projects, books, articles, journals or papers while developing their own works. This is where the need for literature review comes in. “What a good artist understands is that nothing comes from nowhere. The paid subscription on iProjectMaterials.com is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here by any means, and you want it to be removed/credited, please contact us with the web address link to the work. We will reply to and honour every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.